SUSAN FOUTZ BROWN 1823-1842
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2nd Wife of Captain James Brown:
Susan Foutz Brown
Susan Foutz was born 14 February 1823, at Franklin County, Pennsylvania. She was the eldest child of Jacob Foutz, Sr. (1800-1848) and Margaret Mann Foutz (1801-1896).
Children of Jacob Foutz and Margaret Mann Foutz
After their conversion to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jacob Sr. and his wife Margaret moved with the Saints to Missouri. They bought land on the Crooked River where a small branch of the church was organized at Haun's Mill. They were happy with their growing family but the persecutions against the Saints were beginning.
Tensions had been building up ever since the Latter-day Saints/Mormons began moving into Caldwell and Daviess counties in central Missouri in 1836. From August to October 1838, incidents of overt conflict had grown dramatically. Rumors abounded that the Mormons planned to "despoil" the Missourians and take their land. On October 25th Mormon Apostle David Patten had been killed at a skirmish at Crooked River. Two days later on October 27, 1838 outbursts of violence led Governor Lilburn W. Boggs to issue an "Extermination Order," demanding that the Latter-day Saints leave the state or be exterminated. It is uncertain whether this order was a catalyst for the attack, but it is clear that both the Latter-day Saints and the Missourians believed that their rights had been violated and their existence threatened. The infamous "Extermination Order", stated that the Mormons must be treated as enemies and must be exterminated or driven from the state..." Specifically, some believed that the Haun's Mill's population threatened to spill over into non-Mormon Livingston County. These and other events played havoc on the communities along Shoal Creek. Joseph Smith warned Jacob Haun to have the settlers move to the Mormon community at Far West, Missouri, where it was reported that 4,000 Mormons had gathered. But Haun watered down Smith's directive when he delivered it to his neighbors.
On October 28, 1838, Anthony Blackburn, Jacob Myers, and David Evans had negotiated a peace agreement with the Missouri militia; but at four o'clock on October 30, a second militia group launched the bloody assault on the Mormon settlers at Haun's Mill.
A loose segment of the Missouri militia attacked a settlement of Latter-day Saints at Jacob Haun's mill, located on Shoal Creek in eastern Caldwell County, Missouri. Because the attack was unprovoked in a time of truce, had no specific authorization, and was made by a vastly superior force with unusual brutality, it has come to be known as "The Haun's Mill Massacre." It was one incident in the conflict between the Missourians and the Latter-day Saints that resulted in the Mormon expulsion from the state in 1839 (see Missouri Conflict).
Thirty to forty LDS families were at Haun's Mill when some 200 to 250 militia from Livingston, Daviess, and Carroll counties, acting under Colonel Thomas Jennings, marched against the village. Assuming that an earlier truce still held, the residents were surprised by the late afternoon attack. Church and impromtu militia leader David Evans' call for "quarter" was ignored, then he ordered the men into a poorly fortified log blacksmith shop. The villagers were forced to flee for safety. The Mormon women and children fled south across a stream into the woods, while the men gathered in the blacksmith shop, but found it a poor place for defense because the Missourians were able to fire through the widely spaced logs directly into the group huddled inside.
Mobs with blackened faces came on horses and fired with shotguns on the unarmed, unsuspecting people at the mill. Susan's mother had gone for a bucket of water. Several men rode up and fired at her again and again. She dropped to the ground behind a log as if dead and heard them say as they rode off, "There is one Mormon woman less." Margaret rushed back to her house, only to flee with the children into the woods. Here forty or fifty women and children huddled together with shawls and blankets through the long, fearful night. Seventeen Latter-day Saints and one friendly non-Mormon were killed.
"Capt. Evans was somewhat excited, and, as he afterwards related, ran all the way to Mud Creek with his gun loaded, not having fired it during the fight." --History of Caldwell County, quoted in the Journal History. 30 October 1838, page 22.
That night, "the groans and shrieks of the wounded made the night hideous and horrible beyond description. The women were sobbing in the greatest anguish of spirit; the children were crying loudly with fear and grief at the loss of fathers and brothers, the dogs howled over their dead masters, and the cattle were terrified with the scent of the blood of the murdered." --Journal History written by Assistant Church Historian Andrew Jenson, 1888 regarding 30 October 1838.
The next morning Susan's mother, Margaret, went back to Haun's Mill looking for her husband Jacob. She saw only death and destruction until finally Jacob was found alive, covered with rubbish. He had been shot in the thigh and saved his own life by drawing the bodies of his dead friends over himself pretending to be one of them. The bullet was not extracted for six long, suffering days. So intent was the mob on trying to kill her husband that Margaret took Jacob many times into the woods to hide him under brush and leaves. Once she dressed him in her clothing and he sat by the spinning wheel like an old lady. Men searched the house while she and Susan and the other children waited in the house in suspense, fearful of discovery. The mob continued to search for the "Old Preacher".
Margaret felt many times the power of God protecting her from bullets, giving her courage to stand up against hotile men and demand, "That since they had killed and injured the men of the community, the men in the mob could kill and dress a pig for her little ones." The men trembled before her and did as she told them.
It was in October 1838 that four-year old Alma Foutz, born December 4, 1834, died. We are not certain under what circumstances came his demise.
Susan's father Jacob Foutz was "The Old Preacher" and the Elder who took the Gospel to James Brown in Adams County, North Carolina and converted him and his brother and their families. They were baptized and in consequence of it they were shunned and ridiculed by the other settlers in this sparcely inhabited region. Soon after the Brown's moved to Nauvoo.
After being driven from many homes, leaving them for others to live in and benefit from their many labors, Susan, along with her parents and siblings, reached Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois. Susan was bethrothed to . and married him on January 25, 1841, the ceremony was performed by Ezekiel Roberts. Susan's sister, Nancy Ann Foutz [later she married Ephraim Pearson and had eight children], married the son of Captain James Brown on the same day.
Susan Foutz was stepmother to Brown's nine motherless children, the eldest eighteen and the youngest two years old. Here Susan bore her only child, Alma Brown on July 1842, and both mother and child died and are buried in Nauvoo.
In the Brown Book of Remembrance we are told: "Susan bore him a son, Alma, who died the 18th of August 1842 when he was three weeks old, of croup. His mother died the following August 1843 of consumption."
Children: of Susan Foutz and Captain James Brown:
Edward Hunter and Jacob Foutz Company - 1847
| (Full Text) In camp on creek, near Red Hills, west 63 miles from Ft. Laramie
Aug. 17, 1847
To Bro. B. Young,
The camp is enjoying good health, no cases of sickness at this date, and no deaths have occurred. Two births. We number 155 souls. The names of men capable of bearing arms and of performing other camp duties are as follows: Edward Hunter, Alva Keller, Henry Heath, Wm. W. Potter, Berry A. Covington, Nathaniel M. Dodge, Henry Tuttle, Jacob Foutz, Jacob F. Secrist, Henry I. Doremus, Samuel Merrill, Isaac Leany, William Leany [Laney], William Sceare [Scearce], Leonard Stump, John A. Wolf [Woolf], Abraham Boswell, Vinson [Vincent] Shirtliff [Shurtleff], Hobert [ Hubbard] Tuttle, Lemon Brunson [Leman Bronson], Albert G. Fellows, Wilmer Brunson [Bronson], Wm. Fellows, Fredrick Bainbridge, John McBride, William K. Rice, Newton J. Hale [Hall], Mc Bride, D. M. Thomas, Henry Thomas, A. W. Collins, Robert D. Covington, Thomas Warrick, James Matthews [or Mathis], John Thomas, Philemon Thomas, John Robertson, John Lowery, Justus Seelye [Seeley], Wm. S. Seelye [Seeley], Jastus W. Seelye, Henry Wilcox, David Seelye [Seeley] James Young, John Young, .
The sisters who had husbands and/relatives in the army were Catharine Ann Owens, Mary Ann Hunter, Louize [Louisa]Calkins, Sarah Dodge.
There are also in this company; 50 guns, 7 pistols, 246 1/2 lbs. powder, 138 lbs. shot, 394 lbs. lead, 59 wagons, 247 oxen, 12 horses, 3 mules, 95 cows, 38 sheep, and 3 hogs.
As to our teams, they are not so good a plight as we could wish. The loss of cattle in Grants company has made it necessary to take from our teams to supply that loss. A few of our cattle (oxen) are failing in their feet and have died, owing to the want of competent teamsters. Small accidents occur almost daily, and we think that none of our teams or perhaps very few of them will be in a condition to return to Winter Quarters. In the present condition our cattle, we think, if we reach the place of our destination with them, it will be as much as we shall expect.
Our cows, with a very few exceptions, are put in the teams.
We say, in conclusion that if a few additional teams could be furnished us, they would assist us very much on our journey.
Edward Hunter, Capt. of Hundred,
(Source: Hunter, Edward and Jacob Foutz, Letter, in Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 17 Aug. 1847, 5-6.)
Susan's younger sister, Catherine Foutz [b. c.1831], wrote the following:
"My parents joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Ohio when I was about four years old. The family then moved to Caldwell County, Missouri, and settled within two miles of Haun's Mill. I well remember the evening of the tragedy there, October 30, 1838. On hearing the firing of guns, mother gathered the children together and started for the woods. We called on a Sister Myers who went with us into the woods. About forty of us spent the night in the timber, hiding from the mob. Toward morning some of the brethren made a fire, as the weather was chilly, Soon a messenger arrived, bringing the sad news of the massacre of the brethren. On our way back to our homes, we called at Sister Myers and found her husband mortally wounded. He had crawled on his hands and knees a distance of two and one-half miles. I went with my mother and family to Haun's Mill and saw the dead and wounded. My father was shot through the thigh, but he finally recovered. Although I was only seven years old, the terrible sight of the dead and wounded made an everlasting impression upon me. The following spring (1839) we moved out of the state of Missouri and settled temporarily in Quincy, Illinois. Thence we moved to Commerce (afterwards Nauvoo). I well recollect the Prophet Joseph and his brother Hyrum. I heard them preach while they were alive and saw them in their coffins after they were dead. In the spring of 1846, we left Nauvoo for the West. I remember that while we crossed the Mississippi River one of the oxen yoked to his mate jumped off the boat and swam close to the boat while crossing the river without pulling his mate into the water. Our family stopped in Garden Grove until the spring of 1847 when we made our way to Winter Quarters and were organized for crossing the plains. We started from the Elkhorn in June 1847 in Bishop Edward Hunter's hundred. My father was captain of fifty. After a long, perilous journey we arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley on October 1, 1847. Here my father died February 14, 1848, leaving my mother with five children to make her living as best as she could. I became acquainted with one of the Mormon Battalion boys by the name of Samuel S. White, in the fall of 1848, and became his wife September 27, 1849. We resided in Salt Lake City until the spring of 1851 when we moved to Pleasant Grove, Utah County, Utah." From L.D.S. Biographical Encyclopedia Vol. 2, Jenson, Andrew, 1951. Page 736-737
[Margaret Mann Foutz, wife of Jacob Foutz, Sr. died in Pleasant Grove, Utah County, Utah on Wednesday, August 5, 1896.]
July 24, 1897 photo by George Anderson of the original 1847 Utah Pioneers
Taken at Temple Square in SLC, Utah.
Number 143 has been identified as Elizabeth Foutz Walker; Number 112 Jane Elizabeth Manning James (http://www.blacklds.org/mormon/manning.html); Number 117 Mary Ann Phelps Rich
Jacob Foutz Secrist 1818-1855...................Jacob Moroni Secrist 1850-1906
son of Mary Foutz and Solomon Secrist..........son of Jacob Foutz Secrist and Ann Eliza Logan
Photos courtesy of Gina Hall
PAF - Archer files = Jacob Foutz Sr. + Margaret Mann > Susan Foutz (second wife of) + Captain James Brown
PAF - Archer files = Captain James Brown + (7) Phoebe Abigail Abbott > Orson Pratt Brown
Note: Through the Foutz line is a Brown connection to Samuel Comstock Snyder of Park City.
"Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude" Page 1002-1003 (Foutz)
"Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah" Page 92, 876
Story about Captain James Brown in the Ogden Standard Examiner, 31 AUG 1970.
L.D.S. Biographical Encyclopedia Vol. 2, Jenson, Andrew, 1951. Page 736-737 contributed by Erold C. Wiscombe
Brown Book of Remembrance written by Hattie Critchlow Jensen and Loella Brown Tanner prior to 1948
"Bones in the Well: The Haun's Mill Massacre of 1838" by Beth S. Moore. 978-0-87062-345-5, March 2007.
Copyright 2001 www.OrsonPrattBrown.org
Jacob Foutz and his brother-in-law Jacob Hess, from the Dunker congregation area of Old Antietam on the Pennsylvania side of boundary with Washington Co. , Md., took up land in Richland Co., Ohio, in 1830. Both Jacob Foutz and Jacob Hess subsequently became Mormon converts, went to Missouri with the Saints, were in the Haun's Mill Massacre (where Jacob Foutz was seriously wounded), retreated back to Illinois, settled in Nauvoo, and ultimately went West with the first wagon trains to Utah. Jacob Foutz had a brother John who was dead in 1840. ...in 1840, Jacob Foutz, grandson of Conrad Foutz, Sr., by son John, did LDS ordinances in proxy for his dead brother John....There was a lot of cross association between the Conococheage and Antietam Dunker congregations. The hatter connection and Clear Spring location is heavy circumstance favoring the Frederick Foutz, Jr., connection---but Frederick Foutz sold his interest in the valuable estate of his father Frederick, Sr., to a sister in 1811---and disappears from all further Washington Co., Md., records. ..The Jacob Foutz Family Association, Inc., P. O. Box 1500, Farmington, New Mexico 87401....
PFAUTZ PATRIARCHAL ORDER AS OF 1 July, 1981
A - HANS MCHAEL PFAURZ, of Lancaster Co., Pa., immigrant of 1727.
B - JACOB PFAUTZ, of York Co., Pa., immigrant before 1730.
C - THEOBALD PFAUTZ (DAVID FOUTS, Sr.), of Randolph Co., N.C., immigrant of 1738.
D - JOHN DAVID PFAUTZ, of Washington Co., Md. (issue of first wife); ofRowan (now Davidson) Co., N.C. (issue of second wife); immigrant of 1749.
E - CONRAD FOUTZ, of Franklin Co., Pa., immigrant of 1752.
F - JOHN JACOB PFAURZ, of Philadelphia, Pa., immigrant of 1773.
G - MICHAEL PFOUTS, Sr., of Harrison Co., Ohio, immigrant of 1787.
I - ADAM FOUTZ, of Adams Co., Pa., immigrant of 1839.
J - JACOB FOUTZ, of Baltimore, Md. , immigrant of 1849.
K - LEWIS FOUTZ, of Montgomery Co., Ohio, immigrant of-1850.
L - ADAM FOURZ, of Dearborn Co., Indiana, immigrant of 1854.
M - WILLIAM FAMZ, of San Francisco, Calif., immigrant of 1855.
N - GOTTLIEB PFAUTZ, of Philadelphia, Pa., immigrant of 1857.
O·- WILLIAM FAURZ, of Norfolk, Va., immigrant of 1866.
http://www.jwha.info/mmff/hmsaints.htm (land ownership at Haun's Mill and map)
Copyright 2001 www.OrsonPrattBrown.org