IIABNER LEVI BLACKBURN 1827-1908
|Website Link Index|
Orson Pratt Brown - Family through third wife, Elizabeth Macdonald Webb Brown
Abner Levi Blackburn Sr.
Abner Levi Blackburn Sr. was one of four children born to Anthony Blackburn (1803-1851) and Esther A. Rose Blackburn (1800-1876) at St. Clair Township, Bedford, Pennsylvania.
Abner married Lucinda Harris (1832-1906) on April 28, 1852 at San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California. Lucinda was the daughter of John Harris (1808-1899) and Lovina Eiler or Iler Harris (1807-1886). Lucinda's siblings were Daniel Harris (Hannah Thornton) (1831-1892), Angeline Harris (Wm.) Hyde (1834-1893), Jacob Harris (Eliza Carpenter)(1837-1846), Susannah Harris (Clark) Fabun (1840-1917, Rebecca Harris (Wm Reed Stockbridge) Warren (1842-1927), Joseph Harris ( 1844-1846)Oliver Harris (Lodernia Sly) (1847-1919), George Harris (Martha Ann Thornton) (1850-1926), Joseph H. Harris (1852-?)
BLACKBURN, Abner Levi born 13 Jan 1827 rank: as a PVT in Company C
"GANG HAS TIES TO THE BLACKBURN BROTHERS"
It is likely that Aaron Lane knew some of the men involved in these thefts, as several were from the east end of town near the Timber Settlement where he had lived. A connection tying some of these culprits together is the Blackburn brothers, with whom Aaron was acquainted.
Thomas Blackburn and Abner Levi Blackburn were early pioneers who shared a cabin in the fort at San Bernardino during the first part of the 1850s. Convict Peter Sprague is recorded as living with the Thomas Blackburn family in 1860, on their ranch located in the City Creek Settlement. Thomas died in 1863, and his widow, Emily, married convicted horse thief Isaac Hawley the following year.
Abner was a brother-in-law of the Harris brothers, having married their sister, Lucinda. The father of Jacob, Daniel and Lucinda was John Harris, who was also one of San Bernardino's original pioneers. After leaving the fort, John moved his family of seven children to Old San Bernardino, just across the river from the Timber Settlement. Abner was subpoenaed by the grand jury in the Harris and Sprague case tried in October, but he could not be located by Deputy William Levick, who notified the court that he had "ascertained that [Blackburn] is not in the County."
Another tie to the gang of horse thieves was Abner's relationship by marriage to Clark Fabun, who had married another Harris daughter, Susannah. Fabun had provided a bail bond and served as a witness in the case involving Welch and Harris.
There is nothing in the court records to indicate that any Blackburns themselves were ever involved in the thefts in San Bernardino. Abner served as a trial juror both in the September 1861 and February 1862 court sessions, and he would not likely have been called if he were under any kind of suspicion.
It should be mentioned, though, that Abner's past is allegedly not without blemish. There is a family tradition that he stole six mules from Mormon leader Brigham Young himself, and the men sent out to recover them never returned. However, this account could simply be a myth.
THE MOTIVATION FOR THE HORSE THEFTS
PAF - Archer files = Captain James Brown + (7) Phebe Abbott > Orson Pratt Brown + Elizabeth Graham Macdonald > adopted Marguerite Webb Brown + Otto Stronach Shill is brother of Milo Goulding Shill.
Photos and information from:
Pioneers of 1847 - Early photo of Utah Pioneers taken on Temple Square at their 50th Jubilee, July 24, 1897, by Springville, Utah, photographer, George Ed Andersen. Published in the Deseret News, Church News section, on ending July 24th, 1971.
"Frontiersman: Abner Blackburn's Narrative", edited by Will Bagley, page xxix.
Additions, bold, [bracketed], some photos, etc., added by Lucy Brown Archer
Copyright 2001 www.OrsonPrattBrown.org
|During the 22 years known as the Pioneer Period, some 68,000 Mormon pioneers established 353 communities in the area they called Deseret, which covered all of present-day Utah, most of Nevada and Arizona, and parts of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico and California. Their journey, spanning the years from 1847 to 1869, was the largest organized migration in American history.
The preparation began in 1846 with the accomplishments of the U.S. Mormon Battalion. "History may be searched in vain for an equal march of infantry. Half of it has been through a wilderness where nothing but savages and wild beasts are found, or deserts where, for lack of water, there is no living creature."
Through its epic march, the Battalion helped secure California from Mexico. They are honored for serving their country. They earned needed funds to help destitute immigrants cross the plains to Utah. The Battalion forged a wagon road from Santa Fe to the Pacific Ocean, another from San Diego to San Francisco, and a new route over the Sierra Nevadas that was used by 50,000 gold seekers entering California.
They built buildings, dug wells, and built an industrial base of flour and saw mills. They were there when gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill. See the James S. Brown history of the California gold discovery. They stayed and finished their projects instead of leaving for the gold fields. This changed the fate of the American West. Many of their stories are contained in their general notes. Of particular interest are the histories of Elisha Averett, Abner Levi Blackburn, William and Melissa Corey, and Elisha Smith. A Mormon Battalion roster is available in the events list for 1846 which lists members included in this database.